April 29 2017

A Stream of Fire

A rocket engine array of nine

Belches demons of fiery orange

One engine commanding the center

Eight more along the circumference

The astronauts aboard the command module

They activate the third and final stage

In order to escape low-Earth orbit

To head for the big gray ball nearby

Without bureaucratic tape involved

For the first time in human history

Over the course of two days

These courageous astronauts

They prepare for the main event

To create footprints on the lunar surface

The first time in almost half a century

The live streams are available worldwide

Millions stand and cheer

For humanity has returned to stay

Within the Sea of Tranquility

The lunar lander touches the grayish surface

Less than two hundred yards from the Eagle

The lead astronaut descends the ladder

When they hop off the bottom rung

To form a small dust cloud upon impact

Millions of people burst into an outcry

Another leap for mankind

Has been achieved

Within five years of this remarkable day

The first lunar colony is established

Hundreds vow to emigrate from Earth

While thousands more prepare

For another exciting cosmic adventure

The journey to colonize Mars

With the rebirth of large spacecraft

These massive beasts of carbon fiber

Besides the other cutting edge materials

Will form a bridge between celestial neighbors

Forget about only thinking about Earth

Humanity is meant to go multi-planetary

Our destiny is to colonize the stars

Because we are explorers by intuition

Category: Poetry | LEAVE A COMMENT
April 21 2017

GMOs For Vertical Farming

Abstract

In 2011, the human population crossed over the seven billion mark. Demography experts claim that not only will there be an increased ratio between the number of the old and young, but the addition of two or three billion people by the year 2050. In order to produce enough food to sustain these many people, radical and revolutionary ideas must be attempted. Along with the idea of revitalizing the oceans through seasteading, which will allow humanity to solve agricultural problems, we must discover ways to revitalize agriculture on land. This will require ramping up yields on ever less space by developing more vertical farms, and the crops that will be grown in them. Although this would be expensive in the short-term, the growing season would be year-round and allow for higher yields and profits. Unfortunately, most crops that are grown on millions of acres worldwide such as corn, wheat, and soybeans are incompatible with vertical farming in their current form. The idea behind this document is to promote the increased use of genetic engineering techniques meant to manipulate common crops in order to make them compatible with vertical farms.

Introduction

None of these crops I want to mention here have been genetically modified for the purpose of growing inside of a vertical farm. I don’t claim any possession of patents over such technologies, and I never plan to as I’m an advocate for open sourcing all developments I create. For the purposes of this document, I will limit the number of crops to describe those I have written about before though I never published any of it. This includes the following genetically modified crops: Cluster Corn, Wheaty, Bananavine, Applery, Peachy, Pearce, Vorange, and Valmond. To the best of my knowledge, I will attempt to individually describe each crop for everyone to understand what I’m proposing to be done to advance agriculture on land through the use of vertical farms. Many important details are missing, if not nonexistent, and this is because this document is purely theoretical. This document is not meant to act as a final product of published ideas that are fully realized or incepted.

Cluster Corn

When someone observes a cornfield in the American Midwest, they notice how the stalks morph into a sea of green. This greenery stands at approximately eight to nine feet tall, requires hundreds of gallons of water to reach maturity, and has managed to deplete the soil of essential nutrients such as Nitrogen and Phosphorus. In order to bring a heavy, nutrient hungry plant into the vertical farm, serious genetic modification will be required first. One, decrease the amount of water necessary to produce a maximum yield of corn per plant. Two, change the corn plant to grow as a vine rather than a stalk if preferred. Three, minimize the height of the corn plant to three feet if to be kept as a stalk plant. This should be done to focus the Cluster Corn plant upon producing grain rather than silage. Four, produce three or more corn cobs per plant. I realize this will require a massive undertaking in both money to finance research in order to engineer such a plant, but it can be done. However, if Cluster Corn can be successfully grown in the vertical farm, the potential yield could possibly be triple what the average corn plant produces today. Furthermore, as the growing season inside of a vertical farm is year round, the annual yield in comparison to field grown corn could reach a factor of ten. I don’t know about you, but Cluster Corn could potentially eliminate the need to use millions of acres across the Midwest if not America itself. This would allow for increased use of this traditional farmland for other purposes.

Wheaty

In comparison to Cluster Corn, Wheaty will require little to no genetic modification to become compatible with being grown inside of a vertical farm. Other than to eliminate the protein that causes non-gluten sensitivity issues, and to shorten the plant to one-half scale, Wheaty would be considered almost ready for the vertical farm. Wheaty would be grown similar to wheat today, in lengthy rows and harvested when the plants turn golden in color. One question remains: is there any way to increase yields in a single season without significantly altering the Wheaty plant? Whenever one places a large weight atop a thin tower, gravity tends to strain the tower to where the pressure would become a burden. Maybe it’s possible to cross the stalk of the corn plant, and then transform the cob portion of the plant into Wheaty seeds. In other words, grow Wheaty as in growing wheat as though the plants are Cluster Corn. No matter how the Wheaty plant will finally look, the increased yields and the year-round growing season could produce a maximum of six times more per year in comparison to current annual yields.

Bananavine

The banana plant would undergo radical genetic modification to be considered compatible with the vertical farm. One, the fruit would need to grow individually instead of in a cluster. This would allow each piece of Bananavine fruit to ripen without being harvested due to the other fruit having ripened faster if the fruit remained as a cluster. Two, the Bananavine plant would need to become similar in composition to the Cluster Corn plant as trees grown in the vertical farm would place considerable strain upon the building. Although Bananavine plants would change the way we view how this fruit appears, no longer would bananas need to be imported from countries in the tropics. Bananavine may not necessarily increase yields at first, but the concept would promote locally grown food, which saves time and money for consumers and businesses alike. However, Bananavine would grow year round and only have one harvest annually unless genetically modified to produce two harvests per year.

Applery, Peachy, and Pearce

The apple, peach, and pear trees of today would receive genetic modification for the purpose of bringing these three fruits into the vertical farm. The best way to grow Applery, Peachy, and Pearce plants in the vertical farm would be to transform them into plants that are bushes instead of trees. Genetic modification would include shortening the process to achieve fruit to three or four months, meaning there would be two harvests annually despite four to six months of rest for the plants. This would allow for the doubling of the current annual yield, and reduce transportation costs.

Vorange

The Vorange plant will grow as a bush instead of a tree like Applery, Peachy, and Pearce plants. However, due to the fact oranges of today require about 300 days to grow before harvest is possible, only one crop per year will technically occur. Other than for harvest time to occur throughout the year, Voranges could only be harvested once a year. Except to genetically modify the Vorange plant to produce fruit in say, half the time, or about 150 days, there is no way to increase annual yields. In addition, the Vorange plant could receive genetic modification for the purpose of increased tolerance towards colder environments. This would allow for reduced heating costs where the Vorange plant is grown in vertical farms constructed in colder climates.

Valmond

A similar approach used with the potential development of the Applery, Vorange, Peachy, and Pearce plants with Valmond plants and grow as a bush instead of a tree is desired for compatibility with the vertical farm. The Valmond plant could be optimized to have two harvests annually, and be genetically modified to grow inside of a vertical farm by limiting the height and weight of the plants. As of this writing, almonds are harvested once a year, requiring seven to eight months before harvest can occur. If the Valmond plant can double the current annual yield by extending the growing season all while reducing the amount of water used, the better the environment will be overall. Also, as almonds of today typically grow in climates associated with the Mediterranean, attempts should be made to increase tolerance towards colder climates for Valmond plants.

Upkeep of Vertical Farm

To maintain a large-scale production of agricultural goods grown in vertical farms, a significant amount of infrastructure must be available. Although humans will be involved in the upkeep process of the vertical farms, most of the work will be completed through automation. Automation, in this case, is a mixture of task-specific drones and fixed-position robots. Drones will complete tasks associated with planting, harvesting, and maintenance of the crops through cultivation and the removal of dead and diseased plants. The fixed position robots will complete tasks associated with processing the yields from the various crops within the vertical farm they are installed at.

Notice

This document is purely theoretical and should never be considered evidence for a call to rapidly develop these genetically modified crops on my part. If interested parties wish to use these open-source ideas and claim them for the purpose of further development starting with a detailed inception, no legal issues will exist between the author of this document and those interested parties. In fact, the author wouldn’t mind if anyone claimed ownership of these ideas unless the interested parties attempted to patent them. However, please notify the author before further development of the ideas described in this document as they would like to hear about your interest and progress.

Contact Information

Author Email: joelh@joelhovell.info

Personal Email: drkwlfwrtr@protonmail.ch

April 15 2017

BioCarpet

Abstract

With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, and the introduction of modern, mechanical inventions, agriculture in the 21st Century has brought enormous abundance to feed billions of people. Horticulture has brought hundreds of decorative plants to personalize our homes and businesses. However, there is a disturbing trend that continues to advance without resistance. Our cropland has been decimated by nutrient deficiencies, and new pests and weeks have risen from our tendency to overlook significant issues when they were still insignificant. The most important issue to date is our increased, and potentially lethal, use of chemicals on our crops. And let’s not forget about the overuse of antibiotics on livestock, pets, and people alike. Specifically, what if our gut biomes were not far removed from nature due to our overwhelming choice to inhabit cities? What if nature was an integral part of the urbanized world? With the exception of shower mats, plant life in the form of moss has never been used for the purpose of interior design with a functional use. This is how BioCarpet became a phenomenon, an idea to genetically engineer moss to populate an interior space for the purpose of bringing nature into our everyday lives.

Details

BioCarpet is a revolutionary concept where the consumer could potentially have live moss in the color and depth of their choice covering the floors of their residential and commercial spaces. A wide variety of colors can be created through genetic engineering, similar to how consumers have dozens of choices in what color to paint their walls. Although interior spaces will then be considered an environment where it is on par with the outdoors, management of BioCarpet should be minimal to keep the plants alive. However, the moss will need to be genetically engineered to control growth, minimize the need for watering, and for purposes of handling enormous stress loads and warmer temperatures. The intended achievements of “planting” BioCarpet are the following: purifying and pulling carbon dioxide from the air, to help individuals live a healthier lifestyle by reintroducing sufficient levels of bacterial life and the habitat for them, and to spruce an interior space that has the ability to grow.

How to create the conditions for BioCarpet to thrive in interior spaces? As of this writing, April 2017, no heavy-duty research has been conducted to understand how BioCarpet will be “planted” in a way the plants are stable, anchored, and have easy access to nutrients, sunshine, and water. Although an educated guess, BioCarpet could be placed inside a waterproof reservoir that is lightweight meant to minimize the load upon the building. Water could be fed directly from a filtration system that connects to the reservoir, or rather underneath the surface of the BioCarpet, to avoid watering items such as electronics, furniture, and personal, irreplaceable items. Not to go off topic, but furniture may also be made from biotic, alive materials to provide a nature-like feeling to an interior space.

The BioCarpet System will be approximately two to three inches deep, and the rough sketch does not reflect this to scale. The artificial aquifer may not necessarily be containing several gallons of nutrient rich water, but I suspect there should be enough clearance for water to flow freely. Unless desired to be concealed by the BioCarpet itself, the upper edges of the reservoir that follows the perimeter of the room will be visible.

Notice

I want everyone to realize that BIoCarpet is just an undeveloped, unproven concept meant to create discussion in how to bring nature indoors to substantially improve our health. As a result, I, Joel Hovell, do not possess any patents on this technology, nor do I wish to as everything I create or imagine is open-sourced. However, if any interested party or parties would like to develop this, just let me know as I wouldn’t mind hearing about your progress! Even if you developed a concept similar to BioCarpet without any awareness of my idea until after the fact, I would still like to know about your project! You can contact me in the following ways:

Website Email: joelh@joelhovell.info

Personal Email: drkwlfwrtr@protonmail.ch

April 14 2017

Audens: A Decentralized Approach to the Publishing Industry

Whitepaper & Token Plan Proposal

 

Abstract

During the height of the 2008 Financial Crisis, when all hope for an immediate, free market based solution seemed lost, there was a glimmer of hope on the horizon. In 2009, Bitcoin, a cryptocurrency that utilizes Proof-of-Work blockchain technology, was released to the world by an individual under the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto. Similar to most first products of any new technology, they preceded the development of more complex, ingenious projects. Within the cryptocurrency community, Bitcoin had led to the development of blockchain technologies like Dash, NXT, Ethereum, Bitshares, and so forth. Unfortunately, there has been no significant development in respect to a decentralized online bookstore, the exception being LBRY which mainly focuses on videos.

The goal of this document is for the sole purpose of creating increased discussion around the development of a truly decentralized publishing company with an online bookstore and a decentralized printing press network throughout the world. Although due to the lack of computer science experience on my part, I’m willing to describe a potential blockchain technology which I will refer to as the Audens Blockchain in order to advance this discussion. Due to conflicting interests of mine, I’m willing to give this idea away to any interested parties that have the experience and the resources to undertake this project.

Introduction

The Audens Blockchain is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) that has a cryptocurrency, Audens (AUDE or ɇ), which will adhere to a Proof-of-Matching protocol meant to maintain the operation of an online marketplace where ebooks, paperbacks, hardcover, and large print books can be exchanged between individuals. Physical books will be created through the establishment of a decentralized printing press network where interested buyers can have their books printed-on-demand near their location. All digital content published on the Audens Blockchain, starting with ebooks, will essentially create new “cryptocurrencies” that are not necessarily subject to the laws of supply and demand, unless the author (or creative) chooses to limit the number of digital copies. This phenomenon is known as digital scarcity. With further development of the Audens Blockchain, movies, artwork, music, and etc will be made available for purchase.1

The source code for Audens will be created from scratch with open-source Java, unless another language is selected by the Audens Team once interested members are found. A total of ɇ100 million will be available for use on the Audens Blockchain, ɇ90 million of which will be sold through a crowdsale to finance the development of Audens Blockchain infrastructure. An open source printing press will be created for the purpose of incorporating a decentralized network of presses throughout the world for customers to buy copies of physical books.

1-Please note this whitepaper that explains Audens Blockchain Technology is a work in progress. This document will be updated over time as the Audens Team is established, and blockchain experts are consulted.

The Audens Blockchain will include the following features:

• A Decentralized Asset Exchange
• A Digital Library
• A Voting System
• A Decentralized Freelancer Network
• A Decentralized Crowdfunding Network

Audens Cryptocurrency Details

Proof-of-Matching

Similar to Bitcoin’s Proof-of-Work model to achieve consensus, the Auden’s Proof-of- Matching model will employ nodes used to solve a cryptographic problem. In contrast to Proof- of-Work, Proof-of-Matching will instead use a lottery-like system in order for nodes to have an equal chance of earning the current block reward, which is derived from fees.

Each node receives a notification in the form of a cryptographic hash that is tied to the current block. The nodes will receive another hash that they must mine to reveal if their personal hash matches the one tied to the current block. This block reward is set to be 3% of a seller’s earnings, while an additional 2% will be charged as a network fee for a total of 5% in transaction fees to finance the Audens Blockchain and the nodes running the blockchain. The node that mines a cryptographic hash that matches the one tied to the current block will receive the block reward; the 3% of a seller’s earnings.

For example, there are five nodes operational to secure the blockchain, and they have agreed to use their computing resources solely for this purpose. Node #1 is provided a cryptographic hash of S5nZ4bTfHz2by by the Audens Blockchain, similar to when someone purchases a lottery ticket. Node #2 is given the hash of G34Cbz9hsR7, Node #3 is given the hash H1tV64G92jZ, Node #4 J27tx8yZ9aE, and Node #5 D91Mn3xS2I4. Each node will attempt to mine their provided cryptographic has and match it with the hash tied to the current block, which here has a hash of H1tV64G92jZ. In this scenario, Node #3 will be selected the winner of the current block reward once they complete the mining process of their provided hash. This also allows for Node #3 the right to publish the current block to the blockchain, where a new block with a new cryptographic hash tied to it will begin the process again.

Audens Crowdsale

To finance the development of the Audens Blockchain, a crowdsale will occur in the months prior to the start of normal operations during Beta Mode. In total, ɇ100 million will exist, ɇ90 million of which will be sold in conjunction with the start of trading the Audens cryptocurrency. The money raised during the crowdsale will be used to develop the source code, an open-source printing press, and to pay the salaries of those part of the Audens Team.2

Audens Team

Joel Hovell (Audens Mastermind) is an accomplished author with two published books to his credit, Snow Wolf and Straight From A Millennial. He studies phlebotomy at Fox Valley Technical College, and will soon be transferring to the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay to study human biology. He looks forward to participating in the development of the Audens Blockchain, which is a decentralized network that validates transactions through a Proof-of-Matching model though understands he may need to give the idea away.

2-As noted in the risk disclosure below, this document is for information purposes only. There are NO calls for investment in the Audens Blockchain at this time. A public disclosure on the official Audens website by the Audens Team will be made before the crowdsale of ɇ90 million is to be held.

Individuals with the following skill sets are required for the development and operations of the Audens Blockchain:

Preferably, the Audens Team should be comprised of a group of seven individuals, which may or not include myself.The Audens Team will receive their salaries from the 2% network fee charged to sellers that will be used to finance the development of Audens Blockchain infrastructure.

**April 2017. The Audens source code has yet to be developed. Research towards the development of an open-source printing press for decentralized publishing has not been started. Unfortunately, my financial resources are unable to sustain the salaries of seven individuals. At the moment, the development of the Audens Blockchain prior to the start of the Audens crowdsale must depend upon individual investments and donations. However, please note this document is for information purposes only.

Audens Infrastructure

Website

The website to represent the Audens Blockchain will act as the primary location for the Audens community to come together. Through here, one will be able to access the whitepaper, price charts, how to buy Audens, and more. The website will also be where individuals can download the Audens app to access the decentralized online store, and to enjoy their newly acquired content. Various versions in respect to operating systems of computers, tablets, and smartphones will be available with free updates as they are developed by contributing programmers.

Online Application Store

The Audens application, as mentioned earlier, will be available across multiple operating systems. Within the app, the consumers can access their acquired content and Audens wallet/ personal account (unless one prefers to keep their crypto safe through a third party), and stream content. All transactions on the Audens Blockchain are permanently recorded in order to prevent the complete loss of content should an account be corrupted or hacked (hey, it happens). This is how Audens will essentially backup your downloaded content. However, the security of one’s Audens account is the responsibility of the user. Remember to use strong passwords that include upper and lowercase letters, special characters, and numbers.

When updates are available for the Audens app, a notification will be sent via email, text message, or from inside the app. One should be able to select ‘update app’ from a drop-down menu found on the top of the screen. The process to update to the latest version will mimic that of any other app, it shouldn’t interfere with the usage of the downloaded content, except when the moment comes to restart the app to install the updates.

Individuals who wish to sell used books (both digital and physical copies) on the Audens Blockchain can do so with only a 5% fee. Three percent will go to the node who has the winning match, and two percent will go directly to financing the Audens Blockchain. The main achievement of Audens besides allowing authors to increase royalties is for consumers to sell their ebooks and physical books they no longer wish to keep.

Content Library

On a separate tab inside the Audens app, access to downloaded content can be found in the content library. All content is first categorized by type, such as books, videos, music, etc, then categorized by genre in accordance to the system used on the Audens online store. However, users can create new categories at their leisure. Users will have the ability to resell and share content they have downloaded, but the generation of illegal copies will be a violation of the Audens Blockchain terms and conditions. All copies of content downloaded from content creators have a unique identifier, which means those without a valid one cannot be resold on the Audens Blockchain.3

Personal Account/Wallet

On a separate third tab inside the Audens app, one can access their user account information and Audens crypto wallet. Through this tab, one will have the ability to change passwords, generate new wallet addresses, manage financial information, and more will be possible. An official first and last name isn’t required to sign up for an account with Audens, but is recommended for those who sell on the Audens Blockchain. Royalty payments will be generated daily as the node operators and Audens team are paid. A receipt will accompany the notification sent via email or text message to those with royalty payments.

Until development meant to expand the number of cryptocurrencies accepted as payment inside the Audens app occurs, only Audens will be considered acceptable as payment. The ideal to accept multiple cryptocurrencies as payment to Audens content creators shall be achieved, even if Audens doesn’t become the most popular form of payment on the Audens Blockchain. Regardless, the nodes will still validate the transactions and collect 3% from the expected royalties made to the respective content creators while 2% goes to the Audens Blockchain itself.

3-Hey, I hate copyright issues too, but please understand content creators have poured their heart and soul into their work for you to directly purchase from them instead.

Open Source Decentralized Publishing

The intention of the Audens Blockchain from the initial inception was for authors to sell their books for a higher royalty percentage. For ebooks, authors will receive an estimated 95% royalty. For paperbacks and hardcover books, the goal is for authors to receive a royalty of 70%. The Audens Blockchain and the nodes operating the blockchain together will collect a 5% transaction fee for each copy sold. The owners of the printing presses connected to the Audens Blockchain will charge a 25% materials fee in respect to the total cost of the book price. These fees will be reduced from the author’s total royalties for the transaction.

For example:

  • Sara purchases a paperback version of Bob’s book Audens: All About The Open Source Printing Press for ɇ10.
  • Sara’s order is received by an individual near her zip code who owns or runs a leased- out printing press. The individual makes Sara’s copy of the book to her specifications, and deducts the 25% materials fee from Bob’s expected royalty payment.
  • Sara will receive a notification from the individual who printed her copy of Bob’s book via text message or email, asking how she wishes to have the book delivered. Sara can choose to pick up the book herself, have the individual personally deliver the book, or have the book shipped if there are no printing presses within a reasonable distance of her location.
  • Sara will be asked to pay the shipping fee, which is not required to be paid for with Audens and validated on the Audens Blockchain. Once Sara’s order for Bob’s book is acknowledged by the individual operating the printing press, the order can actually occur via any blockchain, whether Audens, Ethereum, Bitcoin, etc.
  • The moment Sara has paid the shipping fee (if she doesn’t pick up the printed book herself) and receives the book, it’s hers to keep as the book is her private property. Should Sara ever decide to sell the book, she can list the book on the Audens Blockchain’s decentralized online store. However, she will be subject to the mandatory 5% transaction fee and be responsible for shipping and handling.4

The open source printing press was an idea that originated when Joel Hovell overheard a conversation at a local Barnes & Noble. If books could be manufactured in minutes before the customer instead of manufactured by the pallet in a factory hundreds of miles away, Audens might have an edge over the more serious and significantly larger competitors in the same industry. Currently, there is such a printing press that is known as the Espresso Book Machine. However, the machine is patented, expensive to acquire, and only established businesses and libraries can access it. Instead of dealing with this web of legal tape, to optimize the freedom of choice to Audens customers, the manufacture of a new printing press is necessary to keep costs low. The idea is to allow interested individuals to purchase the Audens printing press or to sign a lease with the Audens team.

4-In the future, the Audens team can potentially offer a service similar to Amazon Prime, or at least have a contract with a particular shipping company like Fedex, UPS, and DHL.

The Audens printing press is intended to have the capability to print both paperback and hardcover books in various sizes, such as 6”x9” and 5”x8.” Although the manufacture of paperback and hardcover books will need to occur on separate machines, meaning there will need to be two models of the Audens printing press, this should not be too difficult to construct a decentralized network of printing presses throughout the world. For the first time, a publishing company will cross artificial borders with borderless cryptocurrencies as payment, and have the manufacture of books near the customer instead of from hundreds of miles away.

Development of AudWork

The development of Audens will be a massive undertaking, but the online store and decentralized publishing network is just the first wave of innovation. Once the Audens Blockchain is established and begins normal operations while in Beta Mode, another department will be created. Similar to current versions of websites where freelancers can search for posted jobs, there will be an Audens version too. Multiple cryptocurrencies can be used as payment, which the nodes operating the Audens Blockchain will receive 3% of a freelancer’s commission, and the blockchain itself will receive 2%.

Unlike Audens though, AudWork will be directly accessible through a separate website, and indirectly through external links on the Audens website and application. Unless an individual doesn’t already have an account, they will not be required to create a separate account to access AudWork. However, it is recommended to have a separate wallet created for AudWork.

Development of AudenCrowd

Besides the creation of an Audens freelance network, AudWork, there is also the goal to establish a website where individuals can raise money to support their favorite cause(s). Donations will still be subject to a transaction fee, but instead of the usual 5% fee, it will be 2% to maximize the ability to reach one’s financial goals faster. Multiple cryptocurrencies are acceptable as payment on the AudenCrowd website, and nobody will be required to create a separate account unless you don’t have an account through Audens. All that is required will be the creation of a separate wallet for fundraiser purposes only.5

5-I, Joel Hovell, would like to wish everyone the best of luck on their future fundraising once AudenCrowd is operational.

Reaffirmation of Audens Goal

Most ideas, no matter the source of inception, all originated as simple, intriguing thoughts. Some impact a small group of people, like those in one’s local community. Some have a significantly larger impact, which can touch all of humanity, except for the most isolated peoples of Earth. Regardless, all great ideas have one thing in common, the individuals behind them are relentless. In respect to the Audens Blockchain and the Proof-of-Matching model, this complex idea shall never die. This idea has already been released and has invaded the internet without hesitation.

The goal of the Audens Blockchain includes the following: to allow content creators, whether writers, artists, musicians, or actors, to increase their royalties. Audens is a creator’s paradise for ambitious freelancers to assist with ongoing projects, and to allow for fundraisers to occur fluidly. This is more than Joel Hovell, who is the mastermind behind the Audens Blockchain idea. This is about generating a new wave of innovation in relation to the provision of assistance to the creatives. No amount of criticism, bureaucratic red tape, and catastrophes will manage to halt technological progress in this sector of the economy. Similar to the goals Elon Musk had with his companies SpaceX and Tesla Motors, Audens is an act of courage to lead the charge on a new playing field, the goal to bring the publishing industry into the 21st century.

Risk Disclosures

This whitepaper is intended for the sole purpose of generating conversation, feedback, and public awareness of the ideal to develop the Audens Blockchain. This document is meant for information purposes only, and any monies lost by any individual or party is not the responsibility of Audens. None of the information presented here is meant to form the basis of any investment decision, and specific recommendations are not intended. Audens disclaims any and all responsibility of direct or consequential loss or damage of any kind whatsoever. Once more, this version of the Audens Blockchain whitepaper is for information purposes only.

Contact Us

At the moment, Joel Hovell is your man to message. You can grab his attention in the following ways:

Website Email: joelh@joelhovell.info

Personal Email: drkwlfwrtr@protonmail.ch

Steemit: @joelhovell
Facebook Author Page: Joel Hovell
Audens Facebook Page: @audensblockchain

April 12 2017

eBIT: A Decentralized Approach to the Publishing Industry

Whitepaper & Token Plan Proposal

Abstract

In the year 2009, during the height of the 2008 Financial Crisis, a revolution in finance was born. The cryptocurrency Bitcoin, a blockchain technology that utilizes Proof-of-Work, was released to humanity by an individual with the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto. This allowed for the inception of new cryptocurrencies like NXT, Bitshares, and Dash to achieve fruition, which brought newfound changes meant to help bring humanity into the 21st Century. Unfortunately, there’s a massive problem in the blockchain industry. Unless one lives in the financial district of New York City, amongst the entrepreneurs of Silicon Valley, or lives outside the United States, few people have heard of Bitcoin and the myriad of other cryptocurrencies. With the advent of eBIT, a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) that adheres to Proof-of-Precision, the plan is to bring millions of people onboard. How will this be accomplished? Through the most important manner of where much of humanity’s information is derived from: books. Since the creation of the Library of Alexandria in Ancient Egypt, we have craved knowledge for various reasons. Through the development of eBIT, this legacy to better understand ourselves, the universe, improve our skills, and/or enjoy a good read of fiction and nonfiction alike, shall continue as we push forward into a period of human history where we are poised to become a multi-planetary species.

Introduction

eBIT is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) that has a cryptocurrency, eBITs (EBT or ɇ), which adheres to a Proof-of-Precision protocol, to finance an online marketplace where eBooks, paperbacks, and hardbacks can be exchanged between individuals. All digital content published on the eBIT Blockchain, starting with eBooks, will essentially create new “cryptocurrencies” that are not be subject to the laws of supply and demand, unless the author (or creative) chooses to limit the number of digital copies. This phenomenon is known as digital scarcity. With further development of the eBIT Blockchain, the idea is to also include movies, digital artwork, music, etc. within this unique space.1

The source code for eBIT will be created from scratch with open-source Java. A total of ɇ100 million will be available for use on the eBIT Blockchain, ɇ10 million of which will be set aside for node operators, paying the salaries of those part of the eBIT Team, and development of eBIT Blockchain infrastructure. Blocks will be generated on average every 10 seconds, once all of the nodes solve the SHA-256 hash for the current block themselves and check each other’s “answers.”

The eBIT Blockchain will include the following features:

  • A Decentralized Asset Exchange
  • A Digital Library
  • A Voting System
  • A Decentralized Freelancer Network
  • A Decentralized Crowdfunding Network

1-Please note this whitepaper that explains eBIT Blockchain Technology is a work in progress. This document will be updated in the coming months as consultation with blockchain experts is carried out.

eBIT Cryptocurrency Details

Proof-of-Precision

The first successful cryptocurrency Bitcoin implemented something known as Proof-of- Work to validate transactions on its blockchain. This is where individuals deploy their resources in the form of computer processing power to solve a cryptographic problem associated with the current block of unvalidated transactions. However, a serious issue with Bitcoin and Proof-of- Work is that the network’s hashing power (a more technical term for processing power) can become centralized as miners join pools in order to combine their resources. With time, smaller mining pools will sense their inferior hashing power is not worth their time and decide to drop out.

The Proof-of-Precision model that eBIT will implement is based upon the Proof-of-Work ideal to use processing power rather than Proof-of-Stake, where one must hold money for a certain period of time, but with a slight twist. Instead of one person, or mining pool these days, with complete domination of the decentralized network’s hashing power, all node operators will separately solve the current block problem. Once everyone solves the problem, each node operator will reveal their answer to compare them. If their answers are the same and correct, the current block and the unvalidated transactions it contains will be validated. However, if even one node operator fails to answer correctly, all the node operators will be forced to resolve the problem in order to maintain their level of precision; hence Proof-of-Precision.

For example, the plan is to start with 12 node operators, which will also provide a decentralized platform to store and display author pages where writers can sell their books. Here’s what happens:

• Bob sells an ebook copy of his latest book eBIT: Everything You Need To Know to Sara for ɇ2.00. The transaction is provided a unique identifier that is compliant with SHA-256 encryption, creating an access code in the process that can only be used by Sara. (Figure 1)2

2-If Sara happened to lose her copy of Bob’s book because her content library was corrupted or hacked, if she kept a receipt, she can receive a new copy from Bob at little to no cost. However, Sara will be issued a new unique identifier with a new receipt.

  • The transaction between Bob and Sara will create the conditions for the node operators to begin solving the current block’s problem that adheres to SHA-256. (Figure 2).
  • The node operators, starting with 12 in all during Stage Beta (Stage One), will receive a notification to validate the unprocessed transactions part of the current block. Each node operator will solve the problem separately and verify each other once everyone has finished solving the problem alone. If the answers are the same and correct, the current block is validated, allowing everyone to proceed with validation of the next block. However, if one node operator fails to discover the correct answer on their own, all node operators will be forced to reevaluate the current block problem until there is a unanimous, correct answer. If a node operator fails to correctly solve the problem after an undetermined number of sequential blocks, they will be forced to go offline and fix their issues before rejoining the eBIT Blockchain to resume normal operations.
  • The difficulty of the current block is chosen by the difficulty of the previous block, which is determined by the block validation time in respect to approximately 10 seconds, and whether or not the node operators have to resolve the block problem.3 (Figure 3).In other words, Proof-of-Precision is no more than a variant of Proof-of-Work. The distinctive difference between eBIT and Bitcoin is Bitcoin is limited to money, while eBIT can transfer money, eBooks, music, movies & TV shows, magazines, etc.Transaction fees will be limited to 5% of the total cost of the transaction. This fee will be gathered from the individual who published the book, not the customer. In respect to decentralized publishing, the 5% transaction fee will still apply in addition to the materials fee for the manufacture of paperback and hardback books, which the goal is to keep at a maximum of 25% of the asking price of the book. This fee to cover the price of materials will be deducted from the author’s royalties, not added to the customer’s bill of sale.3-In respect to Figure 3, I’m not certain whether or not this equation is a good representation for what I want to convey.

Node Operator Duties

The node operators are individuals who have devoted their computer’s processing power to validate transactions on the eBIT Blockchain who should own a small, powerful computer with ASIC technology. The key to successful, swift block validation times are for individuals to have similar amounts of processing power, rather than fill entire, former factories that is not only expensive, but inefficient energy-wise. Node operators will also be responsible for maintaining the decentralized online store where eBIT customers can purchase what satisfies their needs and wants.

Server Scaling Schedule & Payout

The node operators must maintain a decentralized network for consumers to download digital content, purchase paperback and hardback books, conduct business with freelancers, stream online-only content, and donate to their favorite causes. In order to guarantee a decentralized network for the customer, careful measures have been instituted. Nodes operated by these individuals can also be described as servers, as their duties include the validation of transactions on the eBIT Blockchain and store content in a decentralized cloud meant for streaming and downloading purposes.

In sequential order, the eBIT Blockchain will operate during a total of nine modes or phases. A predetermined number of new nodes will be added to the eBIT Blockchain, and ɇ10 million has been set aside for providing financial assistance to node operators, ~ɇ6.3 million of which will specifically go to them over the course of 17 years in decreasing, daily amounts. The remainder of this ɇ10 million, ~ɇ3.7 million, will be used to pay the salaries of those on the eBIT team, and the development of eBIT Blockchain infrastructure, the open source printing presses, etc.

The eBIT Blockchain will operate in a total of nine modes, where the node operators and the eBIT team will receive a daily payment in eBITs, in addition to receiving their share of the collected transaction fees for the respective day. With the exception of the initial mode, Beta

Mode, and the continuation of Interstellar Mode without daily eBIT payments after two years time, each mode will be two years in length. Beta Mode will be one year in length, unless a proper launch of the eBIT Blockchain must be delayed for developmental reasons. In order, the eBit Blockchain will operate in the following modes: Beta, Pioneer, Adapter, Migrant, Golden, Modern, Post-Modern, Solar, and Interstellar.

In Beta Mode, there are 12 node operators (or servers), and will receive ɇ256 every day for one year. Excluding the amount paid to the eBIT team, the total amount paid out during this mode of operation is ɇ1,121,280.

In Pioneer Mode, the first node operator added to the original 12 that started operations in Beta Mode, will begin operations as part of the eBIT Blockchain on the first day of the change in mode. A total of 12 node operators will be added during Pioneer Mode, 24 node operators in all. A new node is scheduled to become part of the eBIT Blockchain every eight weeks, and they will receive ɇ128 every day until there are 25 node operators; about two years after the 13th node began operations. Once the 25th node begins operations, this will trigger the transition to the next mode, Adapter Mode. In total, the amount paid to node operators during Pioneer Mode is ɇ1,591,296. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 25 can be found in Figure 4.

Figure 4. Pioneer Mode Payout Details              Figure 5. Adapter Mode Payout Details.

Adapter Mode begins once the 25th node becomes operational, and the node operators will receive ɇ64 on a daily basis until the 37th node is operational. The activation of the 37th node will create the conditions where the eBIT Blockchain can transition from Adapter Mode to Migrant Mode. A new node will be created every eight weeks while the eBIT Blockchain is in Adapter Mode, a total of 12 new nodes. In total, the amount paid to node operators during Adapter Mode is ɇ1,311,744. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 37 can be found in Figure 5.

Migrant Mode begins when the 37th node becomes operational, and the node operators will receive ɇ32 on a daily basis until the 49th node is operational. This transition will occur about two years after Migrant Mode starts. A new node will be created every eight weeks while the eBIT Blockchain is in Migrant Mode, a total of 12 new nodes. The total amount paid to node operators during Migrant Mode is ɇ913,920. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 49 can be found in Figure 6.

Golden Mode begins when the 49th node becomes operational, and the node operators will receive ɇ16 on a daily basis until the 61st node is operational. This transition will occur about two years after Golden Mode starts. A new node will be created every eight weeks while the eBIT Blockchain is in Golden Mode, a total of 12 new nodes. The total amount paid to node operators during Golden Mode is ɇ585,984. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 61 can be found in Figure 7.

Figure 6. Migrant Mode Payout Details.                       Figure 7. Golden Mode Payout Details.

Modern Mode begins when the 61st node becomes operational, and the node operators will receive ɇ8 on a daily basis until the 73rd node is operational. This transition will occur about two years after Modern Mode starts. A new node will be created every eight weeks while the eBIT Blockchain is in Modern Mode, a total of 12 new nodes. The total amount paid to node operators during Modern Mode is ɇ357,504. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 73 can be found in Figure 8.

Post-Modern Mode begins when the 73rd node becomes operational, and the node operators will receive ɇ4 on a daily basis until the 85th node is operational. This transition will occur about two years after Post-Modern Mode starts. A new node will be created every eight weeks while the eBIT Blockchain is in Post-Modern Mode, a total of 12 new nodes. The total amount paid to node operators during Post-Modern Mode is ɇ211,008. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 85 can be found in Figure 9.

Solar Mode is the final mode or phase where the eBIT Blockchain experiences regular increases in the number of node operators, starting with a total of 85. The goal is to add 12 nodes over two years, as the 85th node becomes operational.These final nodes that are intended to become part of the eBIT Blockchain will be added in eight week intervals. All nodes in operation during Solar Mode will receive ɇ2 on a daily basis for two years, which will end with the creation of the 97th node where the eBIT Blockchain will transition from Solar Mode to Interstellar Mode. The total amount paid to node operators during Solar Mode is ɇ121,632. A detailed explanation of the amount paid out every eight weeks as the number of node operators increases towards 97 can be found in Figure 10.

Figure 8. Modern Mode Payout Details.           Figure 9. Post-Modern Mode Payout Details.

Interstellar Mode is the first mode or phase where the addition of new nodes in the eBIT Blockchain is not scheduled beforehand since Beta Mode. The 97 node operators will receive ɇ1 every day for two years after which the node operators will no longer receive eBITs except through daily payments from their share of the collected daily transaction fees. The total number of eBITs given to node operators during Interstellar Mode is ɇ70,810.

Figure 10. Solar Mode Payout Details.

eBIT Crowdsale

The eBIT crowdsale will occur in the months prior to Beta Mode, where ɇ90 million will be sold to raise capital necessary to finance the development of the eBIT Blockchain, creation of an open source printing press meant for decentralized publishing, and pay the salaries of those part of the eBIT team. Optimally, investments in the eBIT Blockchain should be made with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Dash. Currencies like USD and GBP are still acceptable, but cryptocurrency is more preferable.4

eBIT Team

Joel Hovell is an accomplished author with two published books to his credit, Snow Wolf and Straight From A Millennial. He studies electrical engineering at Fox Valley Technical College, preferring to use this skill set in a meaningful, creative career. Joel looks forward to his participation in the development of the eBIT Blockchain, which is a decentralized network that validates transactions through a Proof-of-Precision model.

Joel Hovell. eBIT Mastermind

4-As noted in the risk disclosure below, this document is for information purposes only. There are no calls for investment in the eBIT Blockchain at this time. A public disclosure will be made before the crowdsale of ɇ90 million is to be held.

Individuals with the following skill sets are required for the development and operations of the eBIT Blockchain:

I prefer that the eBIT team be a group of seven individuals, which includes myself.The eBIT team will receive a portion of the daily payout in eBIT in accordance to the current mode that the eBIT Blockchain is operating in, and part of the daily revenue from transaction fees.

**December 2016. The eBIT source code has yet to be developed. Research towards the development of an open-source printing press for decentralized publishing has not been started. Unfortunately, my financial resources are unable to sustain the salaries of six individuals. At the moment, the development of the eBIT Blockchain prior to the start of the eBIT crowdsale must depend upon individual investments and donations. However, please note this document is for information purposes only.

eBIT Infrastructure

Website

The website to represent the eBIT Blockchain will act as the prime location for the eBIT community to come together. Access to this whitepaper, price charts, how to buy eBITs, and more will be found there. The website will be the main location where individuals can download the eBIT app to access the decentralized online store, and to enjoy newly acquired content. Various versions in respect to operating systems of computers, tablets, and smartphones will be available with free updates as they are developed by programmers.

Online Application Store

The eBIT application, as mentioned earlier, will be available across multiple operating systems. Within the app, the eBIT consumer can access their acquired content and eBIT wallet/ personal account (unless one prefers to keep their crypto safe through a third party), and stream content. All transactions on the eBIT Blockchain are permanently recorded in order to prevent the complete loss of content should an account be corrupted or hacked (hey, it happens.) This is how eBIT will essentially backup your downloaded content. However, the security of one’s eBIT account is the responsibility of the user. Remember to use strong passwords that include upper and lowercase letters, special characters, and numbers.

When updates are available for the eBIT app, a notification will be sent via email, text message, or from inside the app. One should be able to select ‘update app’ from a drop-down menu. The process to update to the latest version will mimic that of any other app, it shouldn’t interfere with the usage of the downloaded content, except when the moment comes to restart the app to install the updates.

Individuals who wish to sell used books (both digital and physical copies) on the eBIT Blockchain can do so with only a 5% transaction fee. The main achievement of eBIT besides allowing authors to increase royalties is for consumers to sell their ebooks and physical books they no longer wish to keep.

Content Library

On a separate tab inside the eBIT app, access to downloaded content can be found in the content library. All content is first categorized by type, such as books, videos, music, etc, then categorized by genre in accordance to the system used on the eBIT online store. However, users can create new categories at their leisure. Users have the ability to resell and share content they have downloaded, but the generation of illegal copies will be a violation of the eBIT Blockchain terms and conditions. All copies of content downloaded from content creators have a unique identifier, which means those without a valid one cannot be resold on the eBIT Blockchain.5

Personal Account/Wallet

On a separate tab inside the eBIT app, one can access their user account information and eBIT wallet. Here one has the ability to change passwords, generate new wallet addresses, manage financial information, and more are possible. An official first and last name isn’t required to sign up for an account with eBIT, but is recommended for those who sell on the app. Royalty payments will be generated daily as the node operators and eBIT team are paid. A receipt will accompany the notification sent via email or text message to those with royalty payments.

Until development meant to expand the number of cryptocurrencies accepted as payment inside the eBIT app occurs, only eBITs will be considered acceptable as payment. The ideal to accept multiple cryptocurrencies as payment to eBIT content creators shall be achieved, even if eBIT doesn’t become the most popular form of payment on the eBIT Blockchain. Regardless, the node operators will still validate the transaction and collect 5% from the royalties made to the respective content creator.

5-Hey, I hate copyright issues too, but please understand content creators have poured their heart and soul into their work for you to directly purchase from them instead.

Open Source Decentralized Publishing

The intention of the eBIT Blockchain from the initial inception was for authors to sell their books for a higher royalty percentage. For ebooks, authors will receive an estimated 95% royalty. For paperbacks and hardcover books, the goal is for authors to receive a royalty of 70%. The eBIT Blockchain will collect a 5% transaction fee for each copy sold, while the owners of the printing presses will charge a 25% materials fee in respect to the total cost of the book price. These fees will be reduced from the author’s total royalties for the transaction.

For example:

• Sara purchases a paperback version of Bob’s book eBIT: All About The Open Source Printing Press for ɇ10.

• Sara’s order is received by an individual near her zip code who owns or possesses a leased-out printing press. The individual makes Sara’s copy of the book to her specifications, and deducts the 25% materials fee from Bob’s expected royalty payment.

• Sara will receive a notification from the individual who printed her copy of Bob’s book via text message or email, asking how she wishes to have the book delivered. Sara can choose to pickup the book herself, have the individual personally deliver the book, or have the book shipped if there are no printing presses within a reasonable distance of her location.

• Sara will be asked to pay the shipping fee, which is not required to be paid for with eBIT and validated on the eBIT Blockchain. Once Sara’s order for Bob’s book is acknowledged by the individual operating the printing press, the order can actually occur via any blockchain, whether eBIT, Ethereum, Bitcoin, etc.

• The moment Sara has paid the shipping fee (if she doesn’t pickup the printed book herself) and receives the book, it’s hers to keep as the book is her private property. Should Sara ever decide to sell the book, she can list the book on the eBIT Blockchain’s decentralized store. However, she will be subject to the mandatory 5% transaction fee and be responsible for shipping and handling.6

The open source printing press was an idea that originated when Joel Hovell overheard a conversation at a local Barnes & Noble. If books could be manufactured in minutes before the customer instead of manufactured by the pallet in a factory hundreds of miles away, eBIT might have an edge over the more serious and significantly larger competitors in the same industry. Currently, there is such a printing press that is known as the Espresso Book Machine. However, the machine is patented, expensive to acquire, and only established businesses and libraries can access it. Instead of dealing with this web of legal tape, to optimize the freedom of choice to eBIT customers, the manufacture of a new printing press is necessary to keep costs low. The idea is to allow interested individuals to purchase the eBIT printing press or sign a lease with the eBIT team.

6-In the future, the eBIT team can offer a service similar to Amazon Prime, or at least have a contract with a particular shipping company like Fedex, UPS, and DHL.

The eBIT printing press is intended to have the capability to print both paperback and hardcover books in various sizes, such as 6”x9” and 5”x8.” Although the manufacture of paperback and hardcover books will need to occur on separate machines, meaning there will need to be two models of the eBIT printing press, this should not be too difficult to construct a decentralized network of printing presses throughout the world. For the first time, a publishing company will cross artificial borders with borderless cryptocurrencies as payment, and have the manufacture of books near the customer instead of hundreds of miles away.

Development of cBIT

The development of eBIT will be a massive undertaking, but the online store and decentralized publishing network is just the first wave of innovation. Once the eBIT Blockchain is established and begins normal operations while in Beta Mode, another department will be created. Similar to current versions of websites where freelancers can search for posted jobs, there will be an eBIT version too. Multiple cryptocurrencies can be used as payment, which the node operators of the eBIT Blockchain will charge a 5% transaction fee to the individual receiving compensation for work done for someone.

Unlike eBIT though, cBIT will be directly accessible through a separate website, and indirectly through external links on the eBIT website and application. Unless an individual doesn’t already have an account through eBIT, they will not be required to create a separate account to access cBIT. However, it is recommended to have a separate wallet created for cBIT.

Development of Crowdbit

Besides the creation of an eBIT freelance network, cBIT, there is also the goal to establish a website where individuals can raise money to support their favorite cause(s). Donations will still be subject to a transaction fee, but instead of the usual 5% fee, it will be 2% to maximize the ability to reach one’s financial goals faster. Multiple cryptocurrencies are acceptable as payment on the CrowdBIT website, and nobody will be required to create a separate account unless you don’t have an account through eBIT. All that is required will be the creation of a separate wallet for fundraiser purposes only.7

7-I, Joel Hovell, would like to wish everyone the best of luck on their future fundraising once CrowdBIT is operational.

Reaffirmation of eBIT Goal 

Most ideas, no matter the source of inception, all originated as simple, intriguing thoughts. Some impact a small group of people, like those in one’s local community. Some have a significantly larger impact, which can touch all of humanity, except for the most isolated peoples of Earth. Regardless, all great ideas have one thing in common, the individuals behind them are relentless. In respect to the eBIT Blockchain and the Proof-of-Precision model, this complex idea shall never die. This idea has already been released and has invaded the internet without hesitation.

The goal of the eBIT Blockchain includes the following: to allow content creators, whether writers, artists, musicians, or actors, to increase their royalties. eBIT is a creator’s paradise for ambitious freelancers to assist with ongoing projects, and to allow for fundraisers to occur fluidly. This is more than Joel Hovell, who is the mastermind behind the eBIT Blockchain idea. This is about generating a new wave of innovation in relation to the provision of assistance to the creatives. No amount of criticism, bureaucratic red tape, and catastrophes will manage to halt technological progress in this sector of the economy. Similar to the goals Elon Musk had with his companies SpaceX and Tesla Motors, eBIT is an act of courage to lead the charge on a new playing field, the goal to bring the publishing industry into the 21st century.

Risk Disclosures

The current version of this whitepaper is intended for the sole purpose of generating conversation, feedback, and public awareness of the ideal to develop the eBIT Blockchain. This document is meant for information purposes only, and any monies lost by any individual or party is not the responsibility of eBIT. None of the information presented here is meant to form the basis of any investment decision, and specific recommendations are not intended. eBIT disclaims any and all responsibility of direct or consequential loss or damage of any kind whatsoever. Once more, this version of the eBIT Blockchain whitepaper is for information purposes only.

Contact Us

At the moment, Joel Hovell is your man to message. You can grab his attention in the following ways:

Website Email: joelh@joelhovell.info

Personal Email: drkwlfwrtr@protonmail.ch

Steemit: @joelhovell

Facebook Author Page: Joel Hovell

eBIT Facebook Page: @audensblockchain